India's accession to the Hong Kong Convention
Gopal Krishna, Secretary of the government of the Ministry of shipping of India, and Amitabh Kumar, director general of shipping of India, deposited their instruments of accession to the treaty with kitack Lim, Secretary General of the international maritime organization.
India is one of the five major Shipbreaking countries in the world. At present, it has joined the IMO Hong Kong Convention, which will set global standards for safe and environmentally friendly Shipbreaking.
India's accession has taken a very important step towards the entry into force of the Convention. Now it has joined the 15 countries required by the Convention. India's ship dismantling volume has greatly promoted the dismantling capacity required by the Convention.
The Hong Kong Convention covers the design, construction, operation and maintenance of ships to ensure that ships can be safely and environmentally recycled at the end of their life cycle. It also discusses how to prepare for the final voyage of a ship without compromising the safety or operational efficiency of the ship.
According to the Hong Kong Convention, recycling ships are required to have a list of all hazardous substances on board. The Shipbreaking plant is required to provide a "Shipbreaking plan", which details how to dismantle each ship according to its special characteristics and list of harmful substances.
Gopal Krishna, Secretary of the Ministry of transport of the government of India, and Amitabh Kumar, director general of the Ministry of shipping of India, submitted the instruments to be added to the treaty to the Secretary General of the international maritime organization, kitrik Lin, at the 31st session of the general assembly of the International Maritime Organization on November 28.
The Secretary General of the international maritime organization, Liam Lim, urged other countries, especially those with a large number of shipwrecks, to accede to the treaty as soon as possible. "What happens at the end of a ship's life is an important global issue that has a significant impact on safety and the environment," Lim said "I urge all countries that have not yet done so to ratify this important convention in order to bring it into force and provide a consistent global regulatory regime for this vital industry."
The treaty will enter into force within 24 months of meeting three separate criteria. It must be supported by 15 countries that represent 40 per cent of the world's gross tonnage of merchant ships and whose combined maximum annual ship recovery (over the past 10 years) is not less than 3 per cent of their gross tonnage.
Bangladesh, China, India, Pakistan and Turkey account for more than 98% of the world's top five Shipbreaking volume in terms of gross tonnage.
The current states parties are: Belgium, Congo, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Japan, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Panama, Serbia and Turkey. They only account for more than 30% of the world's merchant shipping volume.