On May 5, IMO and the food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) launched a new global project, called the "gloletter partnership project", to prevent and reduce marine plastic waste generated in shipping and fishing.
Specifically, glolitter will help developing countries find new opportunities to prevent and reduce marine waste, such as plastic waste, while also enabling companies to reduce the use of plastics in these industries, and propose the concept of recycling and recycling plastics.
Initially funded by the Norwegian government, the project will:
Considering the availability and sufficiency of port reception;
With a view to raising awareness of the issue of marine plastics in the shipping and Fisheries sectors, including seafarers and fishers;
Fishing gear is encouraged to be marked so that when discarded it can be traced back to its owner.
In addition, the project will implement guidance documents, training materials and toolkits to implement current regulations on plastic waste, as well as IMO's Annex V of the International Convention for the prevention of pollution from ships (MARPOL).
Another objective of the project is to promote compliance with the FAO instrument, the voluntary guidelines on the marking of fishing gear, with greater attention to waste management in ports. In addition, the glolitter project will focus on the implementation and implementation of IMO's London convention / London protocol on dumping wastes at sea system, which requires the assessment of wastes (such as those from dredging) prior to the granting of dumping permits.
In view of the new project, the Secretary General of the international maritime organization, Lin Jize, commented that the international maritime organization had been working on this issue from the perspective of maritime transport and dumping, and that the global project would further strengthen the efforts of the fisheries and maritime transport sectors to pilot, demonstrate and test best practices in the treatment of marine plastic waste.
Dr Matthew Camilleri, head of FAO's fishing operations and technology branch, added that the project would enable developing countries to develop strategies to reduce marine debris from fishing activities and would implement the voluntary guidelines for the marking of fishing gear.
Dr. Camilleri said that the fishery sector plays an important role in reducing marine environmental pollution caused by plastic waste, especially waste, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear, and should seek to develop fishing port facilities and plans for sustainable treatment, recycling and reuse.
The International Maritime Organization says ten countries from five high priority regions; Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Pacific will be chosen to lead the project.
The initial funding for the project came from the Norwegian government and amounted to NOK 40 million (US $4.5 million), which was implemented by IMO in cooperation with FAO for a period of 3.5 years.
The project contributes to the achievement of the specific objectives of the global sustainable development goal (SDG) 14 to "prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution by 2025, particularly from land-based activities, including marine litter and nutrients".
The planned Global Industry Alliance (GIA) will be linked to the UN Global Compact, which adopts the sustainable ocean principle of responsible business practices.
The gloletter partnership project follows the model of other cooperative projects, such as the globallast, glomeep and glofouling projects, which are all called "glo-x" model, which combines national, regional and global efforts, and combines public-private partnerships to promote R & D and capacity-building.
On Thursday, 5 December 2019, the Secretary General of the international maritime organization, Mr. Lin Jize, and his Excellency Mr. wegger Chr str mmen, Ambassador of Norway to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed the gloletter partnership project agreement.